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姚蒙
邮  箱: yaom(AT)pku.edu.cn
职  称:
研究员
办公室电话: 62756451
办公室地址: 北京市海淀区颐和园路5号,北京大学,金光生命科学大楼,100871
实验室电话: 62756451
实验室地址: 北京市海淀区颐和园路5号,北京大学,金光生命科学大楼,100871
个人简历
个人介绍文字
  我的研究兴趣为利用分子生物学、遗传学、生理学等技术方法,研究野生动物的生物学和生态学问题,包括动物的遗传多样性、种群遗传结构、演化历史、食性构成、种间关系、物种多样性等,以期为保护受危物种和生态系统功能提供科学数据和合理策略。
教育经历
2000 - 2007 , 理学博士 , Molecular Cellular & Developmental Biology , the University of Michigan, MI, USA
1996 - 2000 , 理学学士 , 生物化学及分子生物学 , 北京大学
工作经历
2010 - 至今 , Principal Investigator , Peking University
2007 - 2009 , 博士后 , Molecular and Cellular Biology , the University of Michigan Medical School, MI, USA
荣誉奖励
2013 绿叶生物医药杰出青年学者奖
2012 罗氏优秀青年教师奖
学术任职
2017 - 2020    IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group-China灵长类专家组成员
2016 - 至今  美国哺乳动物学会(American Society of Mammalogists)会员
2015 - 2018  中国生理学会比较生理学专业委员会委员
2015 - 2016  《中国大百科全书》第三版生态学“种群及行为生态学”分支编委
2014 - 至今  中国灵长类学会专家组成员
2013      广西自治区科技厅项目评审专家
2010 - 至今   国际灵长类学学会(International Primatological Society)会员
2010 - 至今   中国动物学会 会员
评审任职
2016 - 至今 国家自然科学基金评审专家
会议发言与组织
* indicates presenter
After joining Peking University:
1. Wang W, Yao M* (2016) The impact of anthropogenic habitat fragmentation on population genetic structure of a critically endangered primate in China. The 26th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Chicago, IL, USA.
2. Invited Speaker (2016) Molecular population genetics of the white-headed langur: genetic diversity, population structure and the impact of habitat fragmentation. China Primatological Society 2016 Annual Meeting, Nujiang, Yunnan, China.
3. Invited Lecture (2016) Primate Social Behavior. Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.
4. Invited Speaker (2015) The impact of human activity on population structure of endangered species. Jiangsu Intertidal Zone Development and Conservation of Biodiversity Meeting, Nanjing, China.
5. Invited Speaker (2015) Phylogenetic relationship and genetic diversity of the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Qinzhou. International Conference on Conservation of the Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin in the Beibu Gulf. Qinzhou, Guangxi, China.
6. Yao M* (2014) Social hierarchy among female white-headed langurs. Wild Animal Ecology and Conservation 10th Annual Meeting, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
7. Yao M* (2013) Parturition behavior of wild white-headed langurs: a comparison with other primates. Wild Animal Ecology and Conservation 9th Annual Meeting, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
8. Invited Speaker (2013) Behavioral ecology and conservation genetics of the white-headed langur. Ecology Forum of Peking University, Beijing, China.
9. Invited Speaker (2013) Species and individual identification using non-invasive fecal samples. Conference on Scientific Research at the Nature Reserve of Motian Mountains. Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
10. Invited Lecture (2013) Primate Social Behavior. Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.
11. Invited Lecture (2013) Evolution and Genetic Diversity of Asian Colobines. Chongzuo Biodiversity Research Institute of Peking University. Chongzuo, Guangxi, China.
12. Invited Lecture (2013) Phylogenetic Relationship of Colobine Monkeys. Chongzuo Biodiversity Research Institute of Peking University. Chongzuo, Guangxi, China.
13. Yin L, Qin D, Yao M*, Pan W (2010) Conservation of the white-headed langur (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) in Chongzuo, Guangxi, China: Scientists, government, enterprises, and community. The 23rd Congress of the International Primatological Society, Kyoto, Japan.
Before joining Peking University:
14. Yao M*, Denver RJ (2006) Developmental and stressor-dependent regulation of corticotropin-releasing factor genes of the South African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. Society for Developmental Biology 65th Annual Meeting, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
15. Yao M*, Roh H, Denver RJ (2005) Structural and functional analysis of corticotrophin-releasing factor genes in Xenopus laevis. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, USA.
16. Yao M*, Westphal N, Denver RJ (2003) Acute stress-induced elevation of corticotropin-releasing hormone expression in Xenopus laevis. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada.
17. Yao M*, Westphal N, Denver RJ (2002) Acute stress-induced elevation of corticotropin-releasing hormone expression in Xenopus laevis. Society for Neuroscience 32nd Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA.
书籍编撰
1. 《白头叶猴自然史》 北京大学出版社,2017,潘文石 潘岳 龙玉 姚蒙 等著
2. 《钦州的白海豚》 北京大学出版社,2013, 潘文石 等著
科研领域描述
1.野生动物的种群遗传学研究
  了解野生动物的遗传多样性和种群结构对认识其进化过程及种群动态有重要意义。种群内部和种群之间基因流的模式对于了解物种的繁殖结构和种群参数也至关重要。这些信息为评估各种生态及人为因素对物种遗传结构的影响提供依据,据此能够制定更合理有效的保护策略以保护物种的遗传多样性和进化潜力。我们利用分子遗传学技术结合野外种群调查,分析包括灵长类、食肉类及两栖类等多个物种的种群遗传结构,推测其种群数量变化历史,以期为这些物种的保护提供科学依据。
2.食肉动物的食性研究
  食物网关系是生态系统关系的核心组成部分。食肉动物作为顶级和中级消费者,其种群数量和结构对食物网中的其他生物均有重要影响。我们通过非损伤性取样和DNA条形码技术,分析四川森林生态系统中多种食肉动物的食性构成和相互关系,以及家养动物与野生动物间的相互作用。该项研究对于认识在食肉动物的生态系统功能有重要意义,能够为保护和管理捕食者及被捕食物种提供关键信息。
3.白头叶猴的社会行为研究
  白头叶猴是我国特有的濒危灵长类动物。对该物种的研究不仅对其保护非常必要,同时也揭示了叶猴社会生活的重要特征。白头叶猴的繁殖单元以一雄多雌的繁殖群为主,其社会结构以雌性驻留、雄性迁移为特征。我们在野外观察中记录到雄性取代过程中发生杀婴现象,而雄性幼仔离群后会受到父亲照顾。我们也发现在雌性中存在普遍的非母亲幼仔照顾行为,且在产仔过程中发生类似助产行为。了解非人灵长类的社会结构、等级关系和繁殖行为对研究人类社会结构方式的产生及进化有重要的参考价值
代表性论文
1. Wang W, Qiao Y, Yao M* Low genetic diversity and strong population structure shaped by anthropogenic habitat fragmentation in a critically endangered primate, Trachypithecus leucocephalus. Heredity, DOI:10.1038/hdy.2017.2. Published online: Feb 15, 2017
2. Wang W, Yao M* Fine-scale genetic structure analyses reveal dispersal patterns in a critically endangered primate, Trachypithecus leucocephalus. American Journal of Primatology, DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22635. Published online: Jan 18, 2017
3. Liu J, Wang W, Pan W, Yao M* Intragroup genetic relatedness in two all-male bands of white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus): implications for understanding social organization. In submission.
4. Xiong M, Wang D, Bu H, Shao X, Zhang D, Li S, Wang R, Yao M* Next-generation sequencing-based dietary analysis of two sympatric felids in the temperate mountain forests of Southwest China. Scientific Reports,7:41909. DOI: 10.1038/srep41909. Published online: Feb 14, 2017
5. Zhang D, Xiong M, Bu H, Wang D, Li S, Yao M, Wang R* (2016) Sex identification of the masked palm civet (Paguma larvata) using noninvasive hair samples. Conservation Genetics Resources, 8(3):207-209. DOI: 10.1007/s12686-016-0533-z.
6. Xiong M, Shao X, Long Y, Bu H, Zhang D, Wang D, Li S, Wang R, Yao M* (2016) Molecular analysis of vertebrates and plants in scats of leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) in southwest China. Journal of Mammalogy, 97(4):1054-1064. DOI: 10.1093/jmammal/gyw061.
7. Bu H#, Hopkins III JB#*, Zhang D, Li S, Wang R, Yao M, Wang D* (2016) An evaluation of hair-snaring devices for small-bodied carnivores in Southwest China. Journal of Mammalogy, 97(2):589–598. DOI:10.1093/jmammal/gyv205
8. Zheng Y, Wang L, Hong M, Yao M* (2016) Isolation and characterization of 20 microsatellite markers for the crab-eating frog Fejervarya cancrivora. Conservation Genetics Resources, 8(3):251-253. DOI: 10.1007/s12686-016-0546-7.
9. Wang W, Qiao Y, Zheng Y, Yao M* (2016) Isolation of microsatellite loci and reliable genotyping using noninvasive samples for a critically endangered primate, Trachypithecus leucocephalus. Integrative Zoology, 11:250-262. DOI: 10.1111/1749-4877.12192.
10. Wang W, Qiao Y, Pan W, Yao M* (2015) Low genetic diversity and strong geographical structure of the critically endangered white-headed langur (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) inferred from mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. PLoS ONE 10:e0129782. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0129782.
11. Jin T, Wang D, Pan W, Yao M* (2015) Nonmaternal infant handling in wild white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus). International Journal of Primatology, 36:269-287. DOI: 10.1007/s10764-015-9823-7. Published Feb 17, 2015
12. Pan W, Gu T, Pan Y, Feng C, Long Y, Zhao Y, Meng H, Liang Z, Yao M* (2014) Birth intervention and non-maternal infant-handling during parturition in a nonhuman primate. Primates, 55: 483-488. DOI: 10.1007/s10329-014-0427-1.
13. Yao M*, Yin L, Zhang L, Liu L, Qin D, Pan W (2012) Parturition in wild white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) in the Nongguan Hills, China. International Journal of Primatology, 33: 888-904. DOI: 10.1007/s10764-012-9625-0.
14. Yao M, Hu F, Denver RJ* (2008) Distribution and corticosteroid regulation of glucocorticoid receptor in the brain of Xenopus laevis. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 508: 967-982.
15. Yao M, Schulkin J, Denver RJ* (2008) Evolutionarily conserved glucocorticoid regulation of corticotropin-releasing factor expression. Endocrinology, 149: 2352-2360.
16. Yao M and Denver RJ* (2007) Regulation of vertebrate corticotropin-releasing factor genes. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 153: 200-216.  
17. Yao M, Stezel-Poore M, Denver RJ* (2007) Structural and functional conservation of vertebrate corticotropin-releasing factor genes: Evidence for a critical role for a conserved cyclic AMP response element. Endocrinology, 148: 2518-2531.  
18. Yao M and Denver RJ* (2006) Developmental and stressor-dependent regulation of corticotropin-releasing factor genes of the South African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. Developmental Biology, 295: 372-372, Meeting Abstract.  
19. Yao M, Westphal N, Denver RJ* (2004) Neuroanatomical distribution and stressor-induced activation of central corticotropin-releasing factor neurons in Xenopus laevis. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 16: 880-893.  
20. Yao M, Roh H, Denver RJ* (2004) Structural and functional analysis of corticotropin-releasing factor genes in Xenopus laevis. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 44: 763-763, Meeting Abstract.  
21. Yao M, Westphal N, Denver RJ* (2002) Acute stress-induced elevation of corticotropin-releasing hormone expression in Xenopus laevis. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 42: 1341-1341, Meeting Abstract.
执教课程
群体遗传学 (研究生及本科专业选修),主讲,北京大学,2013年春季学期,2015年春季学期,2016年春季学期
遗传学讨论课,Genetic Discussion,主讲,北京大学,2013年春季学期,2014年春季学期,2015年春季学期,2016年春季学期
生物进化论,参与,北京大学,2016年秋季学期
Genetics , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2007 Spring
Microbiology Lab , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2006 Fall
Animal Physiology Lab , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2003 Winter
Molecular Biology , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2002 Winter
Genetics Lab , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2001 Winter, 2004 Winter
Cell Biology , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2001 Fall
Introductory Biology , Graduate Student Instructor , the University of Michigan , 2000 Fall
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