北京大学 | ENGLISH
讲座信息
Phase Transition in T Cell Signaling
日期: 2016-12-29       点击量: 505
生命学院学术报告
题目:Phase Transition in T Cell Signaling
演讲人:苏晓磊
CRI Irvington Postdoctoral Fellow, UCSF
时间:2017年1月10日下午13:00-14:00
地点:新生物楼311
摘要:
Activation of various cell surface receptors triggers the reorganization of downstream signaling molecules into micrometer- or submicrometer-sized clusters. However, the functional consequences of such clustering have been unclear. We biochemically reconstituted a 12-component signaling pathway on model membranes, beginning with T cell receptor (TCR) activation and ending with actin assembly. When TCR phosphorylation was triggered, downstream signaling proteins spontaneously separated into liquid-like clusters that promoted signaling outputs both in vitro and in human Jurkat T cells. Reconstituted clusters were enriched in kinases but excluded phosphatases and enhanced actin filament assembly by recruiting and organizing actin regulators. These results demonstrate that protein phase separation can create a distinct physical and biochemical compartment that facilitates signaling.
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